Up to 60% of our bodies is made up of water, so it is no surprise that we need to keep ourselves hydrated to stay healthy. Even so, dehydration is a common occurrence in our everyday lives. This is especially pertinent in the workplace when you engross yourself in work. You could forget to take a walk to the water dispenser now and then, leaving you dehydrated before you even know it.
Recognising the risks that dehydration poses to our health can be a strong motivating factor to help us reach for the water bottle. Here are some of the numerous diseases that you can avoid by staying well hydrated.
If you realise you have been spending more time on the toilet, you may not be drinking enough water. Some studies have shown that low fluid intake increases constipation. Constipation can happen when a substantial amount of water is reabsorbed in the large intestine, making your stools hard. Drinking plenty of water means that your body needs to reabsorb less water from your stools, leaving them soft and easy to pass. It can also lead to more regular bowel movements.
Then again, water contaminated with disease-causing microbes can also cause digestive diseases, so you should not drink just any water. Here at Purikool, we provide high-quality water purifier dispensers so that you can have confidence in the safety of your drinking water.
Urinary tract infection
Urinary tract infections can usually be treated with antibiotics, but it is far better not to have to experience the painful burning sensation in the first place. Good hydration helps you reduce the chances of becoming infected. Drinking plenty of water means that you will urinate more frequently. This serves to physically flush out many of the harmful germs that could be in your urinary tract. On the other hand, dehydration leads to your urine becoming much more concentrated because your kidneys reabsorb more water from the urine. The concentrated urine can irritate the bladder and lead to an increased risk of infection.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can be caused by dehydration. When your brain detects that your body is low on water, it sends a signal to the pituitary gland to secrete a hormone called vasopressin. Vasopressin’s main function is to cause your kidneys to reabsorb more water, but it also causes your blood vessels to constrict. This increases blood pressure. For people with chronic hypertension or heart conditions, staying hydrated is especially important for this reason.
A less well-known effect of proper hydration is its effect on your teeth and gums. Drinking enough water leads to the production of more saliva, though the extent of this differs between different people. Saliva, in turn, is essential to oral health. Washing away bacteria and food is its most visible purpose, but it has functions on the chemical level as well. It serves as a buffer, meaning it can neutralise acids from your food and bacteria, protecting your mouth from acid degradation. Calcium and phosphate in the saliva also strengthen and repair your teeth.
If you have ever had an intense workout or been under the hot sun for a long time, you may realise that your mouth starts to get very dry. If you happen to be engrossed in your activities, you may even forget to take a break to get a sip from the water dispenser. Singapore is particularly subject to such high temperatures, so this is a familiar scene. Water helps the body cool itself down through sweat and is necessary for muscle function. So when you cannot reduce your body’s temperature, it starts to overheat, leading to heat exhaustion.
Heat exhaustion can cause muscle cramps, light-headedness, headache and vomiting. If untreated, the illness can progress to heat stroke, where the person’s body temperature regulation shuts down. The person becomes delirious, and sweating stops completely. He may also experience seizures or even death. To avoid this, drink plenty of water when in hot environments, and take a rest under the shade if you start feeling unwell.
All of these illnesses can seem frightening, but they have a common enemy – regular and adequate hydration. Water will always be a crucial part of maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Still, several other diseases can be caused by contaminants in your water. To help you keep hydrated safely, consider getting a hot and cold water purifier from Purikool, which will be able to filter out heavy metals, chemicals and harmful germs that could cause disease.